Kidney stones affect a vast amount of people worldwide. The urinary stone formation may be caused by a variety of factors including diet, age, gender, obesity, genetic and environmental factors, climate, and lifestyle.
The kidney is our body’s filter system. The urine comprises a variety of waste materials that are dissolved in water. If urine is condensed due to a lack of water or a rise in waste concentration, it precipitates and forms crystals, which accumulate and contribute to the forming of stones. Stones may also develop as a result of a chemical deficiency in the urine.
Symptoms of kidney stones
- Extreme lower back pain on either side
- Blood in the urine is caused by a faint discomfort or stomach ache that does not go anywhere.
- Nauseousness or vomiting, headache, and chills
- Urine that stinks or is cloudy
Stone forming may be caused by a lack of water, a high intake of nonvegetarian food, smoking, weight loss surgery, or consuming foods high in salt or sugar. Kidney Stones Treatment includes Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery, Nephrostolithotomy through Percutaneous Nephrostolithotomy (PCNL), and MINI-PERC and MICRO-PERC.
Kidney stone styles
Calcium oxalate: The most common type of kidney stone formed when calcium and oxalate mix in the urine. Inadequate calcium and fluid intake, as well as other factors, can contribute to their development.
Uric acid: Purines are a natural chemical compound used in a variety of foods, including organ meats and shellfish. A high purine intake causes an increase in the development of monosodium urate, which, under the right conditions, can form kidney stones. The creation of these types of stones has a family resemblance.
Struvite: These stones are less common and are caused by upper urinary tract infections.
Cystine: This is a rare stone that runs in households.
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